Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
The Centre consists of both researchers in specific fields and multidisciplinary researchers of long-standing and emerging knowledge from around the globe. ECRTD focuses on providing high quality academic research with practical implications for business practice.
ECRTD welcomes original contributions in applied research, critical reviews, empirical papers, case studies and analytical papers and publishes in both printed and online versions. The main objective of the study is to identify the types and frequencies of shifts in the microstructural elements of the target text.
In addition, the study examines the factors and constraints that give rise to the shifts. The study also describes the consequences of the consistent usage of specific types of shifts on the macrostructure of the target text.
Syntactic modification, in terms of thematic meaning, explicitation, and function words, had the highest frequency. The researcher came to the conclusion that translation shifts were not only an appropriate solution to translation problems resulting from the discrepancy between the SL and the TL, but were also motivated by linguistic, cultural and psycholinguistic factors.
It was also concluded that the translator aimed at making the text more comprehensible, explicit, and coherent for the target readership. The researcher finally emphasizes the importance of including the study of translation shifts and their macro effects in translation curriculum.
While legal documents attempt to achieve certain aims, such as objectivity and obligation, such aims can be realized in different ways by different languages. This paper aims to reveal the linguistic features of written legal discourse in terms of obligation, permission and prohibition.
These features are detected on both English and Arabic legal documents. The paper also aims to show the similarities and differences between English and Arabic through the analysis of selected sentences from the corpus of legal documents under examination.
Following the descriptive analysis and with the use of quantitive approach, the linguistic features of the legal language of both English and Arabic is analyzed individually, then the similarities and differences between both languages is discussed.
One of the major concerns of this paper is deontic modality and the way it functions in legal language. Peter James Kpolovie — Statistical Analysis with SPSS for Research This ground-breaking book is an indispensable practical guide to the successful execution of research with particular attention to data analysis to arrive at indisputable findings, conclusions, and generalizations.
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The aim of this study is to explore the communication experiences of nurses and physicians working in the emergency department in a hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA. The ultimate research participants will be eight physicians and nurses from an emergency department.
The research design will be a qualitative phenomenological hermeneutic approach and will use the interpretive method for data collection. The significance of this study is to determine influence of communication on quality of care, particularly in the emergency department, and understand factors that hinder effective communication of nurses and physicians in the emergency department.
Communication comprises the intrapersonal and interpersonal interactions between nurses and physicians and their external influences on patient outcomes. Moreover, communication lacks clarity; more clarification could help improve and enhance communication among professionals of emergency department, as well as patient outcomes.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of supply chain integration strategies on performance of pork processing industry in Rwanda. The study employed a quantitative research design in order to address to the research objective.
The target population was the 52 employees of German butchery in Kigali.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
The Journal of Writing Research is an open access journal that publishes high quality papers covering the broad spectrum of writing research. Providing educators and students access to the highest quality practices and resources in reading and language arts instruction.
The Career & Technical Education (CTE) Programs section is responsible for developing and maintaining educational programs that prepare individuals for occupations important to Florida’s economic development. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
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