An overview of the causes and prevalence of anorexia nervosa

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An overview of the causes and prevalence of anorexia nervosa

Death from starvation or suicide How Is Anorexia Diagnosed? Identifying anorexia can be challenging. Secrecy, shame, and denial are characteristics of the disorder.

As a result, the illness can go undetected for long periods of time. If symptoms are present, the doctor will begin an evaluation by performing a complete medical history and physical exam. If no physical illness is found, the person might be referred to a psychiatrist or psychologisthealth care professionals who are specially trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses.

Psychiatrists and psychologists may use specially designed interview and assessment tools to evaluate a person for an eating disorder. Continued What Is the Treatment for Anorexia? Emergency care for anorexia may be needed in some extreme cases where dehydrationmalnutrition, kidney failureor an irregular heartbeat may pose imminent risk to life.

Emergency or not, treatment of anorexia is challenging because most people with the disorder deny they have a problem -- or are so terrified of becoming overweight that they may oppose efforts to help them gain a normal weight. Like all eating disorders, anorexia requires a comprehensive treatment plan that is adjusted to meet the needs of each patient.

Anorexia nervosa - Wikipedia

Goals of treatment include restoring the person to a healthy weight, treating emotional issues such as low self-esteem, correcting distorted thinking patterns, and developing long-term behavioral changes. Treatment most often involves a combination of the following treatment methods: This is a type of individual counseling that focuses on changing the thinking cognitive therapy and behavior behavioral therapy of a person with an eating disorder.

Treatment includes practical techniques for developing healthy attitudes toward food and weight, as well as approaches for changing the way the person responds to difficult situations. Certain antidepressant medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs might be used to help control anxiety and depression associated with an eating disorder.

Some antidepressants may also help with sleep and stimulate appetite. This strategy is designed to teach a healthy approach to food and weight, to help restore normal eating patterns, and to teach the importance of nutrition and following a balanced diet.

Epidemiology of Eating Disorders: Incidence, Prevalence and Mortality Rates

Family support is very important to treatment success. It is important that family members understand the eating disorder and recognize its signs and symptoms. People with eating disorders might benefit from group therapy, where they can find support, and openly discuss their feelings and concerns with others who share common experiences and problems.

As mentioned above, hospitalization might be needed to treat severe weight loss that has resulted in malnutrition and other serious mental or physical health complications, such as heart disorders, serious depressionand risk of suicide.

In some cases, the patient may need to be fed through a feeding tube or through an IV. Anorexia, like other eating disorders, gets worse the longer it is left untreated. The sooner the disorder is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome.

Anorexia can be treated, allowing the person to return to a healthy weight; although, many people with anorexia deny they have a problem and refuse treatment. Although treatment is possible, the risk of relapse is high. Recovery from anorexia usually requires long-term treatment as well as a strong commitment by the individual.

Support of family members and other loved ones can help ensure that the person receives the needed treatment. Can Anorexia Be Prevented? Although it might not be possible to prevent all cases of anorexia, it is helpful to begin treatment in people as soon as they begin to have symptoms.

In addition, teaching and encouraging healthy eating habits and realistic attitudes about food and body image also might be helpful in preventing the development or worsening of eating disorders. If you suspect that you or someone you know has anorexia or another eating disorder, seek help immediately.

Eating disorders can become increasingly dangerous the longer they go untreated.

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In severe cases, the effects on the body caused by eating disorders can be fatal. What Does Treatment Involve?Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder and mental health condition that involves a distorted body image and under-eating to maintain an unhealthy low weight.

People with anorexia try to control their weight at a level below what is healthy for their age and natural body size. LEARNING OBJECTIVES.

This is an advanced level course. After completing this course, mental health professionals will be able to: Determine the level of severity of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

May 27,  · Epidemiology of Eating Disorders: Incidence, Prevalence and Mortality Rates Prevalence, Mortality, Eating disorders, Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, Eating disorder not otherwise specified, Binge eating death certificates emerged as a flawed source of information with both over- and underreporting of AN as a cause of .

Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric condition, which is part of a group of eating disorders.; The cause of anorexia has not been definitively established, but self-esteem and body-image issues, societal pressures, and genetic factors likely each play a role.

An overview of the causes and prevalence of anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric condition, which is part of a group of eating disorders.; The cause of anorexia has not been definitively established, but self-esteem and body-image issues, societal pressures, and genetic factors likely each play a role.

Mental disorder, any illness with significant psychological or behavioral manifestations that is associated with either a painful or distressing symptom or an impairment in .

An overview of the causes and prevalence of anorexia nervosa
A Brief Overview of Eating Disorders