Petersburg The Imperial German Government have used every effort since the beginning of the crisis to bring about a peaceful settlement. In compliance with a wish expressed to him by His Majesty the Emperor of Russia, the German Emperor had undertaken, in concert with Great Britain, the part of mediator between the Cabinets of Vienna and St. Petersburg; but Russia, without waiting for any result, proceeded to a general mobilisation of her forces both on land and sea.
Below is the speech, given by Neville Chamberlain. This morning the British Ambassador in Berlin handed the German Government a final note stating that unless we heard from them by 11 o'clock, that they were prepared at once to withdraw their troops from Poland, a state of war would exist between us.
I have to tell you now that no such undertaking has been received, and that consequently this country is at war with Germany. You can imagine what a bitter blow it is to me that all my long struggle to win peace has failed.
Yet I cannot believe that there is anything more or anything different that I could have done and that would have been more successful. Up to the very last it would have been quite possible to have arranged a peaceful and honourable settlement between Germany and Poland, but Hitler would not have it.
He had evidently made up his mind to attack Poland whatever happened; and although he now says he put forward reasonable proposals which were rejected by the Poles, that is not a true statement.
The proposals were never shown to the Poles nor to us; and though they were announced in a German broadcast on Thursday night, Hitler did not wait to hear comments on them, but ordered his troops to cross the Polish frontier the next morning.
His action shows convincingly that there is no chance of expecting that this man will ever give up his practice of using force to gain his will. He can only be stopped by force, and we and France are today, in fulfillment of our obligations, going to the aid of Poland, who is so bravely resisting this wicked and unprovoked attack upon her people.
We have a clear conscience. We have done all that any country could do to establish peace. And now that we have resolved to finish it, I know that you will all play your part with calmness and courage.
At such a moment as this the assurances of support that we have received from the Empire are a source of profound encouragement to us. When I have finished speaking certain detailed announcements will be made on behalf of the Government.
Give these your close attention. The Government have made plans under which it will be possible to carry on the work of the nation in the days of stress and strain that may be ahead.
But these plans need your help. You may be taking your part in the fighting services or as a volunteer in one of the branches of civil defence. If so you will report for duty in accordance with the instructions you receive.
You may be engaged in work essential to the prosecution of war for the maintenance of the life of the people — in factories, in transport, in public utility concerns or in the supply of other necessaries of life. If so, it is of vital importance that you should carry on with your jobs.
Now may God bless you all. May He defend the right.
It is the evil things that we shall be fighting against — brute force, bad faith, injustice, oppression and persecution — and against them I am certain that the right will prevail. Audio[ edit ] This audio from the broadcast of the speech contains the first 2 minutes, 53 seconds of the declaration.
Neville Chamberlain announces war with Germany, 3 September Problems playing this file? Seventy delegates from 27 nations participated in the negotiations.
The opposing nations of the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire were excluded from the negotiations.
At first a "Council of Ten" comprising two delegates each from Britain, France, the United States, Italy and Japan met officially to decide the peace terms. It became the "Big Four" when Japan dropped out and the top person from each of the other four nations met in closed sessions to make all the major decisions to be ratified by the entire assembly.
In Junethe Allies declared that war would resume if the German government did not sign the treaty they had agreed to among themselves. The government headed by Philipp Scheidemann was unable to agree on a common position, and Scheidemann himself resigned rather than agree to sign the treaty.British Declaration of War on Germany, September 3, (September 3, )--In response to the German invasion of Poland three days earlier, the British government declared war on Germany.
British colonies, as well as the Raj of India (ruled by the British), also automatically found themselves at war alongside Britain.
WWI Document Archive > Documents.
The German Declaration of War on Russia; 1 August The Treaty of Alliance Between Germany and Turkey; Great Britain Declares War on Germany; 4 August As reported in the Daily Mirror.
Clemenceau Calls France to Arms; 5 August Britain and France are at war with Germany following the invasion of Poland two days ago. King George has called upon "my people at home and my peoples across the seas". Today's declaration of war was received with rousing cheers.
As Mr Chamberlain informed the House Britain could not take part in a five-power . The Declaration of war by France and the United Kingdom was given on 10 September , after German forces invaded Poland.
Despite the speech being the official announcement of both France and the United Kingdom, the speech was given by the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, in Westminster, London. On this day in , in response to Hitler’s invasion of Poland, Britain and France, both allies of the overrun nation declare war on Germany.
The first casualty of that declaration was not. WWI Document Archive > Documents. The German Declaration of War on Russia; 1 August The Treaty of Alliance Between Germany and Turkey; Great Britain Declares War on Germany; 4 August As reported in the Daily Mirror. Clemenceau Calls France to .